A complete cnc part-program which shows how G98 and G99 (canned cycle return level) work with G81 drilling cycle and G83 peck drilling cycle for drilling of a component which have different heights.
G98 G99 Summary
G98 and G99 are modal commands that change the way canned cycles (G81,G83 etc.) operate.
When G98 is active, the Z-axis will return to the start position (initial plane) when it completes an single operation.
When G99 is active, the Z-axis will be returned to the R point (plane) when the canned cycle completes a single hole. Then the machine will go to the next hole.
CNC Part Program
N10 M06 T01 N20 G90 G00 X10 Y30 Z12 S1000 M03 N30 G99 G81 X10 Y30 Z-17 R2 F75 (Hole 1) N40 Y10 (Hole 2) N50 X30 (Hole 3) N60 Y30 (Hole 4) N70 G98 X90 (Hole 5) N80 G99 Y10 (Hole 6) N90 X110 (Hole 7) N100 G98 Y30 (Hole 8) N110 G91 G80 G28 X0 Y0 Z0 M05 N120 M06 T02 N130 G90 G00 X60 Y28 Z12 S750 M03 N140 G99 G83 X60 Y28 Z-17 Q6 R2 F60 (Hole 9) N150 G98 Y12 (Hole 10) N160 G91 G80 G28 X0 Y0 Z0 M05 N170 M30
N10- Tool change (M06) to tool no.1
N20- Rapid traverse to X10 Y30 Z12, Spindle started clockwise (M03) with 1000rpm (S1000).
N30- Drilling starts (G81) at X10 Y30 with cutting-feed (F75) drill will retract to R-plane after drilling operation.
N40- Next drilling position Y10 (as G99 is a modal g-code drill will keep on retracting to R-plane until G98 is given).
N50- Next drill at X30.
N60- Drill at Y30
N70- Drill at X90 & Retract to Initial-plane.
N80- Drill at Y10 & Retract to R-plane.
N90- Drill at X110
N100- Drill at Y30 & Retract to Initial-plane.
N110- Drilling cycle is cancelled (G80), return to reference point (G28) for tool change, stop spindle (M05).
N120- Tool change (M06) to tool number 2.
N130- Rapid traverse to X60 Y28 Z12, start spindle at 750rpm (S750) clockwise (M03).
N140- G83 Peck drilling starts at X60 Y28, drill depth is Z-17 and drill peck size is Q6, drilling feed is F60
N150- Next deep drill at Y12 (return to initial point).
N160- G83 Peck drilling cycle cancelled with G80, tool returned to reference point (G28), spindle stopped (M05).
N170- Part-program end with return to program start (M30)
G & M Codes
|T||Tool no. used.|
|M06||Tool change command.|
|M03||Cutter rotation Clockwise|
|G81||Fanuc drilling cycle.|
|G83||Fanuc peck drilling cycle.|
|G98||Return to initial point in canned cycle.|
|G99||Return to R point in canned cycle.|
|G80||Canned cycle cancel.|
|G28||Return to reference position.|
|M05||Cutter rotation stop.|
|M30||CNC part-program end with return to program-start.|